Jesus in the Old Testament: Some prophecies He fulfilled

flowing-water-ministering-life0Hosea 11:1: When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son.

From the references the New Testament writers use, we have a glimpse of the various hints scattered in the Old Testament of things concerning Jesus Christ.

He knows about them

After his resurrection, with some of the disciples still doubting if he had truly risen, two of them were going to Emmaus; Jesus joined them but somehow hid his identity. Eventually in response to their confusion he sought to enlighten them saying they are slow of heart to believe what was written in the law and the prophets in the Old Testament concerning himself (Luke 24:10-32).

His birth was prophesied to be by a virgin.

And it happened like that as a fulfillment of prophecy (Isaiah 7:14, Matthew 1:20-23). The book of Hebrews, quoting a place in the Old Testament, reflected the mind of Jesus while he was still in heaven before coming to deliver the divine assignment that God has for him on the earth. He said, “I come in the volume of the books it is written of me to do your will oh God (Hebrews 10:5-9, Psalm 40:6-8).”

The circumstances of his death were also prophesied.

The fact that his clothes would be divided was laid out in the Old Testament (Psalm 24); the fact that none of his bones would be broken was also there (Psalm 34:19-20), the fact that he would be pierced was revealed. The fact that he would not put up any defense when he was being falsely accused prior to his death was also noted in the Old Testament (Isaiah 53).

His ministry

Around the time he began his ministry; Jesus came into the synagogue and picked up the Old Testament opening to the book of Isaiah. There he read that the Spirit of the Lord is upon him and is responsible for the transformational ministry that he would manifest in the glory of God in his life (Isaiah 61:1-3, Luke 4:16-21).

He said that his mission is to preach the gospel to the poor, proclaim deliverance to the captives, and open the eyes of the blind, taking a leave from an Old Testament prophecy about him.

An Ethiopia eunuch, who was reading Isaiah 53, Phillip asked if he knew what he was reading and he answered that he does not know of whom the writer speaks of (it was about Christ). Philip then preached Christ to him from that passage of scriptures. And the Ethiopian eunuch took a step to become a Christian from that preaching (Acts 8:26-40).

That Christ would be of the lineage of David is a fact sprinkled throughout the Old Testament (Matthew 12:23, Psalm 132:11, Jeremiah 23:5); that Jesus’ coming would be as light dispelling darkness can also be derived from the Old Testament (Matthew 4:13-16, Isaiah 9:1-2).

The focus verse is one of the prophetic words that were referenced in the New Testament about the identity of Jesus (Matthew 2:1-15). Soon after Jesus was born, Herod sought to kill him. Then in a dream, Joseph was asked to take the child to Egypt and after the death of Herod, the angel of God asked Joseph to go back to because those want to kill the child are now dead. Joseph thereafter brought the child back. But on hearing that another wicked man was ruling in Herod and warned in a dream, they stayed in Nazareth to fulfill the prophecy that he (Jesus) would be called Nazarene (Matthew 2).

When John the Baptist was asked about who he was, he answered that he was not the Christ but was sent before him, saying he is “the voice of one crying in the wilderness make plain the way of the Lord (John 1:19-27, Isaiah 40:3-5).” He is the forerunner. Also Jesus Christ telling the people about who John the Baptist is, disclosed that he is the Elijah that was to come, to turn the heart of the father to the children and the children to the fathers (Malachi 4:5-6, Matthew 17:10-13).

Both Jesus and John the Baptist derived their authority from the scriptures.

In the Old Testament when Rebecca wanted to leave her father house to marry Isaac, her brothers prayed that her seed would possess the gates of their enemies (Genesis 24:59-60). And we see Jesus refer to that statement when he said I will build my church and the gates of hell will not prevail against it (Matthew 16:18). Jesus fulfilled that prayer of Rebecca’s brother with respect to the ultimate enemy- Satan in charge of the gate (the influence) of hell.

The shepherd

David said, “the Lord is my shepherd (Psalm 23).” And Jesus called himself the good shepherd. One the characteristics that David highlighted as being that of a good shepherd is that he anoints our head with oil and our cup runs over.

This definitely has to do with the divine overflow of the Holy Spirit infilling in the lives of the believers. John the Baptist concerning Jesus said that he is the one who baptises with the Holy Spirit (Luke 3:16), which the oil symbolizes (Acts 10:38), that is his means of invigorating us spiritually, what he would be identified with.

“He sets a table before me in the presence of my enemy,” that David stated in reference to the Lord his shepherd reflects the provision that we have access to in Christ (Ephesians 1:3), that even with the world still under the influence of the devil (1John 5:19); we can reign in this life (Romans 5:21).

Source of living waters

Also it is revealed in the Old Testament that Jesus will be the source of living waters. While the children of Israel were going on the wilderness, which is a symbol of this world, it was recorded that there was a rock that followed them in the wilderness which Paul accurately said was Christ (1Corinthians 10:4, Isaiah 48:21).

Jesus, talking about himself, to the Samaritan woman said that he is the source of living waters (the water he would give will become a well of water springing up into eternal life), which springe up in people to eternal life (John 4:1-14). That is the life of God; and this tallies with the ideas espoused in the Old Testament to the effect that with joy we will draw water from the well of salvation (Isaiah 12:3, Psalm 51;3).

Also while he was at a festival in Jerusalem, he declared to the people in a loud voice that if any who is thirsty should come to him (John 7:37-40), the water he will give will be in them rivers of living waters, which is for refreshing, and renewal of life. Without water there can be no green leaf in the field, there is lack.

There is a kind of water described in the Old Testament has having healing quality/powers, in a revelation of Ezekiel, water from flowing from the temple (Ezekiel 47:1-12). And we discover later in the New Testament that Jesus is really the temple (John 1:18-21).

As he is the rock that water flows from representing eternal life, sustenance, refreshment, joy, renewal, restoration, flourishing.

And the water flowing from the temple is also flowing from Jesus (the ultimate temple) with healing. The book of Malachi introduces Jesus as the sun of righteousness, rising with healing in his wings (Malachi 4:1-3). These are reflective of the force of healing that will come from Jesus that fills the New Testament and is continuing even now, since Jesus is alive.


8 thoughts on “Jesus in the Old Testament: Some prophecies He fulfilled

  1. What is a layperson/non-Bible scholar to do??

    Here is our dilemma: Every Christian Old Testament Bible scholar, apologist, pastor, and priest on the planet says that the Old Testament prophesies the birth and death of Jesus of Nazareth as the Jewish Messiah (ben David). However, every (non-messianic) Jewish “Old Testament” scholar and rabbi adamantly states that there is not one single prophecy in the Hebrew Bible about Jesus.

    So who are we poor ignorant saps to believe?

    In lieu of spending the next 10 years becoming a fluent Hebrew-speaking Old Testament scholar yourself, I would suggest using some good ol’ common sense. Who is more likely to be correct:

    1.) Jewish sages and rabbis who have spent their entire lives immersed in Jewish culture, the Jewish Faith, the Hebrew language, and the Hebrew Bible—for the last 2,000 years…or… 2.) seminary graduates from Christian Bible colleges in Dallas, Texas and Lynchburg, Virginia?

    Sorry, Christian scholars, but using good ol’ common sense, I have to go with the Jewish scholars. And Jewish scholars say that Christian translators deliberately mistranslated and distorted the Hebrew Bible to say things in the Christian Bible that is never said in the original Hebrew—for the purpose of inventing prophesies into which they could “shoehorn” Jesus!

    I recommend that every Christian read the bombshell book, “Twenty-Six Reasons Why Jews Don’t Believe in Jesus” by orthodox Jewish author, Asher Norman. You will be blown away by the evidence that this Jewish author presents that confirms why Jews have said the following for the last two thousand years: “Jesus of Nazareth was NOT the Messiah.”


    1. “Jesus of Nazareth was NOT the Messiah” is a very bold statement to make. Do you think Paul the apostle who was renowned Pharisee before his conversion experience agree with you? To be a Pharisee means you have a thorough knowledge of the Old Testament.
      You ask: what is a lay person to do? I answer: read the letters of Paul in the bible. Do not read with the intention to argue or find fault. Do not read thinking that the book “Twenty-Six reasons Why Jews Don’t Believe in Jesus” cannot be faulted. Read with an open mind, to see what Paul is saying. I know that may be difficult because you are really an activist against the Christian faith. But try, you may be surprised.
      Jesus did not come to offer argument, he came to offer life, he came to offer reconciliation between man and God. That Jews do not believe in him using the words of the Old Testament is not conclusive. The Pharisee in the time of Jesus did not believe in him, because of their interpretation of the Old Testament. SO you are not saying anything new. People do not believe in Jesus not because there is no counter argument, but because they have special light.
      The summary is: if you want argument on interpreting the Old Testament just as you said I should read that book, you also read the letter of Paul. Start with Romans, Galatians, Colossian, and add Hebrews to it.
      Even after that, anyone can argue any point, but Jesus did not say I am argument, he said I am life.


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