Jesus is the Son of God

Acts 9:20: And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.

What happened after the salvation experience of Paul was described in the focus verse. Based on conviction, he began to proclaim that Jesus is the Son of God. As the Son of God, Jesus is the inheritor of everything that is of the father. And the bible says that the earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof, the world and all those who are in it (Psalm 24:1).

After the resurrection of Jesus, Paul confirmed that he (Jesus) has been given a name that is above every other name and that at the name of Jesus every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord (Philippians 2:5-11). The right of Sonship gave him the right of Lordship. Because he was a Son, he obeyed the father to the point of death, and he was rewarded for that with name above every other name -Lordship.

The writer of the book of Hebrews compared Jesus with Moses saying that according to scriptures, Moses was faithful in all the house of God (Hebrew 3:1-6), but that it was as a servant, but Jesus’ faithfulness is as Son over his own house.

In the book of psalms, we read that the kings of the earth should better advise themselves to not try to resist the Lord and his anointed which is also his Son (Psalm 2). They don’t understand who he really is, that was why they refused to submit to Him. I believe understanding who he is, in the paradoxes that encapsulates him, is what we need to relate with him properly.

Son of David and Son of God

It was very clear that the popular belief in the time of Jesus was that the Christ will be the Son of David. They did not realise that he will also be the Son of God. In the conception of Jesus, angel Gabriel came to Mary that the Holy Spirit was going to overshadow her so that the holy one that will come forth from our womb will be called the Son of the highest (Luke 1:28-38).

Even while Jesus was as young as twelve years of age, he told his natural parents that he should be about his father’s business (Luke 2:41-42). He was no ordinary kid. At the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist in river Jordan -heaven was opened and God spoke from heaven that Jesus is his Son (Matthew 3:17, Luke 9:35).

Also, on the mount of transfiguration, when Jesus was praying, his cloth was changed and the same voice spoke from heaven affirming Jesus as the Son of God.

But he is not only the Son of God he is also the Son of David. A number of times in his ministry, people will call out to him saying, “Jesus, Son of David, has mercy on me/us.” When he was nearing Jerusalem, towards the time of his crucifixion, people were shouting: hosanna to the Son of David, and certain Pharisees wanted Jesus to silence them, but he said that if they shut up, the stones will cry out (Matthew 21:15, Luke 19:40).

Being the son of David revealed his natural origin, as the one who was ordained to seat on the throne of David forever (1Chronicles 17:1-14). As the Son of God, he has rulership in the unseen realm.

After his resurrection, he said that all power in heaven and on earth has been given to him (Matthew 28:18). He has the right to the authority in heaven because he is the Son of God, and he has the right to the authority on earth because he is the Son of David.

David had the authority of kingship. He had the promise that his son will sit on his throne forever. David and Jesus also suffered persecution from the leadership of their times (the leadership they were meant to replace), who sought to kill them. Saul sought to kill David, just as the Pharisees (on the seat of Moses [Matthew 23:1-2]) sought to kill Jesus.

King and priest

Another paradoxical dimension of Jesus was the fact that is called the king of kings and also a priest in the order of Melchizedek. As a king he commands obedience, and as priest he leads us to the father. As king, we serve him and as priest he serves us. It is as priest that the bible says that he (Jesus) ever lives to intercede for us (Hebrews 7:21-28). It was as a priest that he went to heaven to sanctify the temple there (Hebrews 9:11-14, 20-28, 8:1-5), making a way for man to come to the very presence of God the Father.

As a priest, he needed to become as we are. The bible says that anyone chosen as a priest is chosen from among men, to minister on their behalf in the presence of God; as a king, we minister in his presence.

Lion and Lamb

Jesus is called the Lion of the tribe of Judah (Revelation 5:5, Genesis 49:8-12), but he is also famous for being the sacrificial lamb (John 1:29-36). He is eternally the lion and the lamb. As the lion, he stands for strength and dominion, while as Lamb, we see him as weak as a symbol of submission. Isaiah describing his lamb dimension, saying that he was when is like a lamb being led to the slaughter and was mute (Isaiah 53). He was the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world, and he is the Lion that will rule the world.

Son of God and Son of man

A favourite title by which Jesus referred to himself was Son of Man. “Son of man” communicates his humanity, while “Son of God” communicates his divinity. Prior to meeting Jesus on the way to Damascus, Paul, the one the focus verse describes, perceived Jesus only as Son of man, but after his encounter with him, he started referring to him as Son of God (2Corinthians 5:16). From then on, he began to preach him as Christ, as the Son of God.

When did Jesus become the son of God? Or has he been the Son of God from eternity past? No. He was the Word from eternity past (John 1:1-5, 12-17), and after the process of his being made flesh (John 1:14), he attained the title of being called the Son of God. But he was not the first person to be so called. Adam was the first person with the description- the Son of God (Luke 3:38). He proved unworthy of that call, and he had his right transferred to Jesus, who was described as the last Adam (1Corinthians 15:45). There is no need for another Adam, if there was no problem with the first.

Jesus Christ is the Son of God so that through believing in him we would also be called sons of God, with all the rights and privileges that come with that (John 1:12). He can’t give us what he doesn’t have.


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