Psalm 23:5: You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.
The oil is associated in the Old Testament with the appointment of the priest and king to their offices. But the anointing is for all believers in the New Testament, not for some special few. The bible says that we have an anointing from Jesus, all of us (1John 2:20).
Paul wrote that the one who anointed us is God (2corinthians 1:21). The anointing represents Priesthood and being special. And all believers are priests. Peter wrote that we are a royal priesthood, a holy nation, to declare the praises of him who called us out of darkness to his marvellous light (1Peter 2:9).
Priests are representatives of God, but you cannot represent God because you want to, you have to be appointed and the sign of that appointment is the anointing, and that is the Holy Spirit manifestation in our lives.
With the kingly anointing, we exert control on the earth. It is about the influence of a new kind of knowledge, it is a new kind of influence. We are not only made priests, we are also made kings (1Peter 2:9, Romans 1:5). We did not lobby for it, we only have to acknowledge and operate in it because of the anointing.
A priest connects man to God, has influence with God, while kings are bale to connect God to man enforcing his mandate.
Anointing for priests
You cannot approach God, if you are not anointed to be a priest. When a king in the Old Testament wanted to try something new operating on the altar, he got struck with leprosy (2Chronicles 26:16-25). He went beyond his bounds. When King Saul went beyond his bound to offer sacrifice, he got more than he bargained for, he did not know he was signalling his own end (1Samuel 13).
But the Holy Spirit qualifies every Christian to draw near to God (Ephesians 2:18). He is your passport, your password to the very presence of God, with no limit to your access whatsoever.
The presence of the Holy Spirit on earth makes it possible for whoever calls upon the Lord to be saved. This is the acceptable year of the lord, the year of jubilee. This is the time of the mercy of God, God is now on the earth and wants to be in a relationship with us.
While the anointing was exclusively for some in the Old Testament, now the Holy Spirit is poured out on all flesh, and everyone who embraces Jesus can access God. The house of God is now everywhere, in you and I and that is why Jesus said we should go into the world, letting people know that it is a new day of the favour of God (Luke 4:17-19), that everyone can have the anointing to access the presence of God right now, that God is not exclusively for a group, he is for everybody.
He loves everyone and wants to come into a relationship with us, which the Holy Spirit makes possible. Since God cannot change his holiness, he gives his anointing to change man. Being priests gives us the privilege to be close to God, to know him, which is what he wanted.
Anointing for kings
The right of control resides in the king. In Christ you stop having the feeling of helplessness, but that of dominion. And as king, you use your privilege for the benefit of others.
While priesthood is about influence with God, kingship is your power to bring change to people’s life. A king has words as the means of ruling. The bible says where the word of a king is, there is power (Ecclesiastes 8:4).
He says words and writes edicts to direct things. Jesus sent us to preach the gospel to all creation. It is part of our kingly privileges, to influence people to the cause of Christ.
The bible says that we have been given the ministry of reconciliation (2Corinthians 5:13-18). We are authorised to present the gospel. We have been sent. Paul wrote that how can people believe if they are not told, how can people be told if they are not speaking and how can they speak if they are not sent. To be sent is to be authorised (Romans 10:30-33). The people cannot hear if they are not told. Paul spoke about his authority to command obedience to the gospel among the nations (Romans 1:5).
Cornelius had prayed to God and gave offerings (Acts 10), but he did not know the way of salvation until Peter was sent to speak to him. His fervent devotion was not enough to bridge the gap between him and God, Peter needed to use his kingly anointing to bring him and his household to the kingdom. An Ethiopian Eunuch was devoted but God had to send Philip to bring the knowledge of salvation to him (Acts 8:30-40).
Jesus says that we have been given all authority to trample upon snakes and scorpions and over all the powers of the devil (Luke 10:19). Therefore the authority that we have extends to the realm of the unseen. It is through that that we lay hands on the sick and they recover, and we cast our devils.
Kings have servants, and angels are dispatched to us to serve us. They are ministering spirits sent forth to minister to those who will be heirs of salvation (Hebrews 1:13-14).
The role of the fivefold ministers is to enhance the kingly and the priestly anointing on the other believers. First by making you realise that you have that anointing and then helping you to be yoked to the Lord, submitting to him recognising him for who he is. They do this because they are friends of the bridegroom, who focus on speaking about the bridegroom, Jesus (John 3:26-36).
Jesus said that the disciples are become his friends and not slaves because they know what he is doing (John 15:15). By communicating what Jesus is saying, what the Spirit is saying to the churches, they protect them from the evil influence of wolves, and the devil who seeks to hamper the expression of their kingly and priestly anointing. Paul said that he commits the people to God and the word of his grace which is able to build them up and give them an inheritance among those who are sanctified (Acts 20:35).